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Reinhard Gehlen and U.S. Intelligence

Brigadier General Reinhard Gehlen
Chief of the Third Reich's "Foreign Armies East."

Gehlen worked with many secret fascist organizations, including:

  • Stepan Bandera's "B Faction," Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists
  • Romania's Iron Guard
  • the Ustashe of Yugoslavia
  • the Vanagis of Latvia
  • Vlasov's "Army" in Russia.

Source: Christopher Simpson. Blowback: America's Recruitment of Nazis and its Effects on the Cold War, 1988.

West Germany's Spymaster


In 1956, control of the Gehlen Org shifted from the CIA to West Germany's Intelligence Service. Gehlen was its director until he retired in 1968.

Source:  "Gehlen Organization," 26 November 1997. Federation of American Scientists:

Allen Dulles

Chief Architect of U.S.-Nazi business and spy networks

  • spy at the U.S. embassy in Bern, Switzerland, collecting political data for the State Department on Germany and the Austro-Hungarian empire (1916-1918)
  • member, U.S. staff, Versailles Peace Conference (1918-1922)
  • head, State Department's Near East Affairs division (1922-27)
  • worked with brother John Foster Dulles, as lawyer and international finance specialist for Sullivan & Cromwell, a Wall Street law firm in New York (1927-1941). While there, he worked with top Nazi industrialists and played a pivotal role in promoting U.S.-Nazi corporate relations. Allen worked with Prescott Bush (grandfather of President George Walker Bush) and George Herbert Walker (Prescott's father-in-law) who ran Union Banking Corporation for the Nazis. Allen was legal counsel for Standard Oil and the Nazi's I. G. Farben, co-owned by the Rockefellers. (Other U.S. millionaires allied to the Nazis were: William Randolph Hearst Sr., Andrew Mellon, Irenee du Pont, Henry Ford and J.P. Morgan. Morgan, du Pont and others were even involved in a Fascist plot to overthrow the U.S. government in 1934.)
  • President Roosevelt, realizing Dulles was a traitor, had his New York "Office of Coordinator of Information" wiretapped (1941-42). Some Dulles-linked firms, like Bush's Union Banking Corp., were seized under the Trading with the Enemy Act (1942)
  • Berne station chief, Office of Strategic Services (1942-1945). Roosevelt's plan to charge Dulles with treason failed when Dulles was warned and covered his tracks (1944). Roosevelt's plan died with him (1945). 
  • as OSS station chief in Berlin, Dulles negotiated the agreement with General Reinhard Gehlen to establish a Nazi spy network within the OSS (1945).
  • Dulles helped in the development of the CIA (1947), became its deputy director (1951) and its director (1953-1961).  He oversaw numerous covert operations, such as election rigging in Italy (1948), coups in Iran (1953) and Guatemala (1954) and many other notorious operations described in this issue.
  • When Union Banking Corp. was liquidated, Prescott Bush and George Herbert Walker received $1.5 million (1951)
  • was fired by President Kennedy after the failed invasion of Cuba at the Bay of Pigs (1961)
  • as a member of the Warren Commission, he promoted the theory that a "lone gunman" assassinated John F. Kennedy (1963).


Growth of Gehlen Org

The Gehlen Org initially included Gehlen's immediate staff of about 350 agents.  Hundreds of German army and SS officers were released from internment camps to join his headquarters in Germany's Spessart Mountains.

When the staff grew to 3,000, the Org moved to a compound near Pullach, south of Munich. It operated under the innocent name, South German Industrial Development Organization. By the early-1950s, the organization employed up to 4,000 intelligence specialists in Germany (mainly former army and SS officers) and more than 4,000 undercover agents who were active throughout the Soviet-bloc.

Under Operation Sunrise, some 5,000 anti-communist East Europeans and Russians were trained in Germany in 1946, under the command of General Sikes and SS General Burckhardt. They supported insurgencies in areas such as Ukraine, which were not suppressed by the Soviets until 1956.



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